World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports (ISSN 2320 –2432) Welcomes case reports in all subjects related to Medicine, Surgery, Gynecology, Orthopedics, Otolaryngology, Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, Pathology and their sub specialties. The cases reporting unusual presentation, combination of diseases, new treatment, treatment related side effects or any other uniqueness.
Case reports are important part of medical research and their contribution however small can not be neglected.
World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports Will provide a repository of such cases encountered in daily practice. Beside the usual style of reporting the journal will also have a distinct and unique style that is designed to stimulate the young minds as they read the reports. Each case report will accompany the learning and key points to help physicians and Surgeons make decisions when encountering similar situations.
Each article type published by World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports follows a specific format that is detailed in the instructions for authors; please choose an article type from the list to view the instructions for authors.
The instructions for authors includes information about preparing a manuscript for submission to
World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports criteria for publication and the submission process.
Public trust in the peer-review process and the credibility of published articles depends in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer review, and editorial decision making.
Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author’s institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from being negligible to having great potential for influencing judgment. Not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. On the other hand, the potential for conflict of interest can exist regardless of whether an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, and paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.
All participants in the peer-review and publication process must disclose all relationships that could be viewed as potential conflicts of interest. Disclosure of such relationships is also important in connection with editorials and review articles, because it can be more difficult to detect bias in these types of publications than in reports of original research. Editors may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-interest statements as a basis for editorial decisions. Editors should publish this information if they believe it is important in judging the manuscript.
Potential Conflicts of Interest Related to Individual Authors' Commitments
When authors submit a manuscript, whether an article or a letter, they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. Authors should do so in the manuscript on a conflict-of-interest notification page that follows the title page, providing additional detail, if necessary, in a cover letter that accompanies the manuscript. The NPPL web journals uses the uniform disclosure form (PDF) developed by the ICMJE for this purpose.
Authors should identify individuals who provide writing or other assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance.
Investigators must disclose potential conflicts to study participants and should state in the manuscript whether they have done so.
Editors also need to decide whether to publish information disclosed by authors about potential conflicts. If doubt exists, it is best to err on the side of publication.
Potential Conflicts of Interest Related to Project Support
Increasingly, individual studies receive funding from commercial firms, private foundations, and government. The conditions of this funding have the potential to bias and otherwise discredit the research.
Scientists have an ethical obligation to submit creditable research results for publication. Researchers should not enter into agreements that interfere with their access to all of the data and their ability to analyze them independently, and to prepare and publish manuscripts. Authors should describe the role of the study sponsor, if any, in study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing the report; and the decision to submit the report for publication. If the supporting source had no such involvement, the authors should so state. Biases potentially introduced when sponsors are directly involved in research are analogous to methodological biases. Some journals, therefore, choose to include information in the Methods section about the sponsor’s involvement.
Editors may request that authors of a study funded by an agency with a proprietary or financial interest in the outcome sign a statement, such as “I had full access to all of the data in this study and I take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.” Editors should be encouraged to review copies of the protocol and/or contracts associated with project-specific studies before accepting such studies for publication. Editors may request a statistical analysis of all data by an independent biostatistician. Editors may choose not to consider an article if a sponsor has asserted control over the authors’ right to publish.
Please read the following to know what may constitute a conflict of interest.
Financial competing interests
- In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
- Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
- Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
- Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.
Non-financial competing interests
Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.
If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.
An “author” is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study, and biomedical authorship continues to have important academic, social, and financial implications.
An author must take responsibility for at least one component of the work, should be able to identify who is responsible for each other component, and should ideally be confident in their co-authors’ ability and integrity. In the past, readers were rarely provided with information about contributions to studies from persons listed as authors and in Acknowledgments
NPPL journals will request and publish information about the contributions of each person named as having participated in a submitted manuscript.
While contributorship and guarantorship policies obviously remove much of the ambiguity surrounding contributions, they leave unresolved the question of the quantity and quality of contribution that qualify for authorship. The ICJME has recommended the following criteria for authorship; these criteria are still appropriate for journals that distinguish authors from other contributors.
Authorship credit should be based on
- Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
- Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
- Final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship.
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed.
Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and identify all individual authors as well as the group name. World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports will name other members of the group in the Acknowledgments. The NLM indexes the group name and the names of individuals the group has identified as being directly responsible for the manuscript; it also lists the names of collaborators if they are listed in Acknowledgments.
NPPL journals now also request that one or more authors, referred to as “guarantors,” be identified as the persons who take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article, and publish that information.
Increasingly, authorship of multicenter trials is attributed to a group. All members of the group who are named as authors should fully meet the above criteria for authorship/contributorship.
The group should jointly make decisions about contributors/authors before submitting the manuscript for publication. The corresponding author/guarantor should be prepared to explain the presence and order of these individuals. It is not the role of editors to make authorship/contributorship decisions or to arbitrate conflicts related to authorship.
Contributors Listed in Acknowledgments
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support. Editors should ask corresponding authors to declare whether they had assistance with study design, data collection, data analysis, or manuscript preparation. If such assistance was available, the authors should disclose the identity of the individuals who provided this assistance and the entity that supported it in the published article. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.
Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under such headings as “clinical investigators” or “participating investigators,” and their function or contribution should be described—for example, “served as scientific advisors,” “critically reviewed the study proposal,” “collected data,” or “provided and cared for study patients.” Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, these persons must give written permission to be acknowledged.
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 [http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/]
If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. Further information may be obtained from http://icmr.nic.in/bioethics/Appr_guide_ani.pdf
- Technical Innovation
- Case Report
Authors are asked to declare financial or nonfinancial conflict of interests or any competing interests.
Copyright rests with the authors. For more information on copyright of articles, see our publisher's copyright and license policy.
Instructions for authors
Manuscripts must be submitted by corresponding author of the manuscript, and not by someone else on their behalf. The submitting author takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review, APC and proof correction.
Please note that World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports levies an article-processing charge on all accepted articles; the information on the current APC is available on "about the journal" page.
To facilitate rapid publication World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports accepts only online submissions at present. The examples of the text and graphic file formats that are accepted are mentioned below. If the authors require they may also submit movies, animation, flash, or data files as well in prescribed format.
During submission you will be asked to provide a cover letter explaining why your manuscript should be published in the journal, to elaborate on any issues relating to our editorial policies, and to declare any potential competing interests or conflict of interests. You may suggest potential peer reviewers for your manuscript by providing their name, contact address and email addresses. These should be experts in their field, who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please ensure that the names suggested as peer reviewers should not have published with any of the authors of the manuscript within the past five years, should not be current collaborators, and should not be members of the same research institution. You can also suggest the names of the reviewers who should not review your manuscript (exclude reviewers), these are usually the researchers with who you may have potential conflict of interests. Suggested reviewers will be considered alongside potential reviewers recommended by the Editor-in-Chief and/or Editorial Board members.
The following word processor file formats are acceptable for the main manuscript document:
- Microsoft Word 2003 or 2007
- Rich text format (RTF)
Users of other word processing packages should save or convert their files to RTF before uploading.
Note that figures must be submitted as separate image files, not as part of the submitted manuscript file. Following formats are acceptable
If you are submitting movie files please ensure that they are preferably in FLV format or in MPEG4 formats to allow maximum compression and display on web page.
The data files should be submitted either in Excel format or in dbase format. If you are submitting an output from a statistical package please ensure that this should be either in HTML or text format.
The Accession Numbers of any nucleic acid sequences, protein sequences, genes, SNP or atomic coordinates cited in the manuscript should be provided, in square brackets and include the corresponding database name; for example, [Accession: NP_001082294.1; GI: 148227006; NC_006090.2].
World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports welcomes well-described reports of cases that include the following:
- Important clinical lesson
- Findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect (Unreported or unusual side effects or adverse interactions involving epidemiological interventions)
- Learning from errors
- New and emerging diseases
- Novel diagnostic procedure
- Novel treatment new drug/intervention or established drug/procedure in new situation(off label indications)
All case reports should be accompanied with a signed written consent from the patient for release of his data for publication in World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports. A template for the same can be downloaded from here (consent form).The manuscript should also contain a statement to the effect that the written consent was obtained from the patient. It can be submitted as additional file or sent to editorial office by fax or email. More details on the consent can be found in the section on ethics.
Overview of manuscript sections for Case report
Manuscripts for Case Report submitted to World Journal Of
Medical and Surgical Case reports should be divided into the following sections (in this order):
- Title page
- Case presentation
- Competing interests
- Authors' contributions
- Illustrations and figures
- Tables (if any)
- List of additional files
The title page should contain the following:
- Title of the article
- List the full names of all authors, their affiliation, institutional
addresses and email addresses name and address of corresponding author, with
email, fax and phone number
- Word count for the abstract and the text
- Number of figures and tables
- Previous presentations in a conference (if any)
- Funding source (if any)
- the title should be explanatory and should include the study design,
abbreviations within the title should be avoided
- If you are reporting on a clinical trial that is registered please
include the registration number in you title. e.g. " A randomized double
blind case control study comparing the effect of A verses B in management of
breast cancer [NCI23456]
The Abstract should be less than 250 words and must be structured into
- Study design
- Material and methods
Introduction should outline the context and purpose of the study (include aim and objectives here);
Case presentation should state positive and negative history, findings on physical examination, laboratory investigations, radiological and pathological investigations, treatment and outcome in brief.
Conclusions, should provide brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.
Three to five keywords representing the main content of the article should be
provided. You can use MESH terms here, please do not repeat terms that are
already used in the title of the manuscript.
The Introduction section must clearly state and illustrate the background to
the research (why?) and its aims and objectives, in a way that is interpretable
to researchers without specialist knowledge. It is recommended to include the
review of literature here to indicate why this study was necessary and what it
aimed to contribute to the field. The section should end with a brief statement
of what is being reported in the article.
It is recommended that this section may also be broken into subsections with
short, informative headings.
In this section describe positive and negative history, findings on physical examination, laboratory investigations, radiological and pathological investigations, treatment and outcome in detail.
Please discuss your case in this section. It is recommended that this section may also be broken into subsections with short, informative headings. Discussion should be limited to the results being reported in the manuscript, please try not to go beyond the results and please try to refrain from being speculative.
This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.
Please innumerate 3-5 learning points, in form of short sentences
highlighting the research contribution.
Competing interests and conflict of interests
Please read the journal policy on declaration of conflict of interest
(financial and non financial). A competing interest exists when your
interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your
personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors
must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any
non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to
become public after the publication of the manuscript. All financial or non
financial interests will be published along with the article. If the authors
declare no competing interests a statement of this effect will also be
In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual
contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.
Please read the ICMJE guidelines on uniform submission to know more about
authorship credits and who can be an author. If some of the contributors do not
meet authorship criteria be acknowledged in acknowledgement section.
The authorship credit be reported in following format
CD carried out the literature search and prepared the draft manuscript, GB
carried out the experiments and interpreted the results, DT designed the study
and performed the analysis, KT conceived the study, participated in design and
edited the final manuscript. It is important to state that all authors read and
approved the final manuscript for submission.
Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making
substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or
analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the
manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who
does not meet the criteria for authorship. Acknowledgment to the funding should
not be made here but should be on the title page on separate section. Authors
should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the
Only articles and abstracts that have been published or are in press, or are
available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited. All references,
must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they
are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must
have an individual reference number, irrespective of how many time it appear in
manuscript, please do not repeat numbering or create duplicate. Please avoid
excessive referencing. If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference
numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before
Unpublished abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications should
not be included in the reference list, but may be included in the text and
referred to as "unpublished observations" or "personal communications" giving
the names of the involved researchers. Obtaining permission to quote personal
communications and unpublished data from the cited colleagues is the
responsibility of the author. Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE.
Citations in the reference list should include all named authors, up to the
first 30 before adding 'et al.'.
Examples of the World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports
reference style are shown below. Please ensure that the reference style is
followed precisely; if the references are not in the correct style they may have
to be retyped and carefully proofread.
All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should
be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than
within the text of the manuscript. They should be provided in full, including
both the title of the site and the URL, in the following format: NCCN: evidence
based guidelines for supportive care [http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp#supportive]
last accessed on December 15, 2011.
If an author or group of authors can clearly be associated with a web link,
such as for weblogs, then they should be included in the reference.
Examples of the World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports
Article within a journal
Sato M, Grasser W, Endo N, Akins R, Simmons H, Thompson DD, Golub E, Rodan
GA. Bisphosphonate action. Alendronate localization in rat bone and effects on
osteoclast ultrastructure. J Clin Invest. 1991;88:2095–2105.
In press article
Kovalaski BJ, Knock C. Seroma formation in breast cancer. Eur J Surg
Oncol, in press.
Electronic publication ahead of print
Brown P, Brody JG, Morello-Frosch R, Tovar J, Zota AR, Rudel RA. Measuring
the Success of Community Science: The Northern California Household Exposure
Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Dec 6. [Epub ahead of print]
Optional addition of a database's unique identifier for the citation:
[Edited 12 May 2009]
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected
patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 12140307.
Forooghian F, Yeh S, Faia LJ, Nussenblatt RB. Uveitic foveal atrophy:
clinical features and associations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb;127(2):179-86.
PubMed PMID: 19204236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2653214.
Optional addition of a clinical trial registration number
Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride
in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009
Mar;88(3):276-9. PubMed PMID: 19329464. ClinicalTrials.gov registration number:
Organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and
proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension.
Both personal authors and organization as author (List all as they
appear in the byline.)
Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group.
Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract
symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
Margulies EH, Blanchette M; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Haussler D,
Green ED. Identification and characterization of multi-species conserved
sequences. Genome Res. 2003 Dec;13(12):2507-18.
No author given
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ.
Article not in English
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.
Optional translation of article title (MEDLINE/PubMed practice):
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law
students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002 Mar 20;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.
Volume with part
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological
viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.
Issue with part
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of
a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt
Issue with no volume
Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in
revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.
No volume or issue
Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002
Pagination in roman numerals
Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding.
Type of article indicated as needed
Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long-term
oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242.
Alamouti R, Lancaster K, HoAsjoe M. Acellular dermal matrix in immediate
implant based breast reconstruction - A single surgeon's experience. Eur J Surg
Oncol 2011; 37(5):S1.
Article containing retraction
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly
escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry.
2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry.
Article containing a partial retraction
Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding
dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749.
Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM,
Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4.
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly
escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry.
2000;61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin
Article partially retracted
Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding
dysfunction following removal of eroded synthetic mid urethral slings. J Urol.
2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4. Partial retraction in: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky
A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749.
Article republished with corrections
Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases.
Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol
Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.
Article with published erratum
Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50.
Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001;23(2):309.
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th
ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics.
2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR,
editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
Organization(s) as author
Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical
approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.
American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational
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National Lawyer's Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates
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Chapter in a book
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Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic
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Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism
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Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an
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Optional presentation (omits bracketed phrase that qualifies the journal
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Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle
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Tables capture information concisely and display it efficiently; they also
provide information at any desired level of detail and precision. Including data
in tables rather than text frequently makes it possible to reduce the length of
Type or print each table with double-spacing on a separate sheet of paper.
Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and
supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines.
Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors should place
explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard
abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in sequence:
*, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, §§, ||||, ¶¶, etc.
Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and
standard error of the mean.
Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain
permission and acknowledge that source fully.
Additional tables containing backup data too large to publish in print may be
appropriate for publication in the electronic version of the journal, deposited
with an archival service, or made available to readers directly by the authors.
An appropriate statement should be added to the text to inform readers that this
additional information is available and where it is located. Submit such tables
for consideration with the paper so that they will be available to the peer
Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted
as photographic-quality digital prints. In addition to requiring a version of
the figures suitable for printing, some journals now ask authors for electronic
files of figures in a format (for example, JPEG or GIF) that will produce
high-quality images in the Web version of the journal; authors should review the
images of such files on a computer screen before submitting them to be sure they
meet their own quality standards.
For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of
pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white or
color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches). Although some
journals redraw figures, many do not. Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures
should therefore be clear and consistent throughout, and large enough to remain
legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as
self-explanatory as possible, since many will be used directly in slide
presentations. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends--not on
the illustrations themselves.
Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or
letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background.
Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written
permission to use the photograph.
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they
have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously,
acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright
holder to reproduce the figure. Permission is required irrespective of
authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain.
For illustrations in color, ascertain whether the journal requires color
negatives, positive transparencies, or color prints. Accompanying drawings
marked to indicate the region to be reproduced might be useful to the editor.
Some journals publish illustrations in color only if the author pays the
Authors should consult the journal about requirements for figures submitted
in electronic formats.
Include legends in the main manuscript text file. For each figure provide the
figure number in Arabic numerals, short title and a detailed legend upto 250
words. If reproducing the previously publishing figures or tables, it is authors
responsibility to take the permission from the copyright owners.
Style and language
World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports accepts manuscripts written only in English. Spelling should either be US English or British English, but not a mixture.
There is no limit on the length of articles submitted, but authors are encouraged to be concise. There is also no restriction on the number of figures, tables or additional files that can be included with each article.
World Journal Of Medical and Surgical Case reports may edit submitted manuscripts for style or language, articles requiring extensive editing may be sent back to authors for correction or can be edited in house on charge basis. The charges for these services at present are US $ 100 for upto 3000 words, 120 US$ for upto 5000 words and 150 $ for articles lengthier than that.
- Please use double line spacing.
- Type the text unjustified, without hyphenating words at line breaks.
- Use hard returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to rearrange lines.
- Capitalize only the first word, and proper nouns, in the title.
- All pages should be numbered.
- Please do not use Footnotes, but endnotes may be used.
- Please do not format the text in multiple columns.
- Greek and other special characters may be included. If you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name of the symbol in full. Please ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF.
Units of Measurement
Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples.
Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury, unless other units are specifically required by the journal.
Journals vary in the units they use for reporting hematologic, clinical chemistry, and other measurements. Authors must consult the Information for Authors of the particular journal and should report laboratory information in both local and International System of Units (SI). Editors may request that authors add alternative or non-SI units, since SI units are not universally used. Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.